SAH has initiated a web-based forum for landscape history- check it out at on the website. To participate in the discussion, sign in with a user name and password. Your user name is your last name in lower case letters. Your password is your five digit SAH membership number which is on your membership card and all the labels of mailings you receive from the national SAH. Join at the bottom of the page and then participate!

Society of Architectural Historians Landscape Chapter “Essay Prize”
Have you read or authored a peer-review journal article published during the past three years that you think has made an important contribution to landscape architectural history? Please consider submitting it for a Landscape History Chapter Essay Prize.
As a chapter member, you will be notified of deadline for submissions each year.

The maximum of one prize per year can be given to the author/s of a peer-reviewed journal article published in English during the past three years that concerns landscape architectural history. The winning article should provide a significant contribution to landscape architectural history in either method or content present a succinct and rigorous argument, or historical account impact the field of landscape architectural history and/or landscape architectural practice use high-quality visual representations (photographs, diagrams, and/or sketches) that expand the text in tangible and meaningful ways, if appropriate to the topic/argument

Send us your recent publications including books, journal articles, or other items. E-mail notices and queries to Thaisa Way at


Genevieve Munson Trimble, Afton Villa The Birth and Rebirth of a Ninteenth-Century Louisiana Garden, Series: Reading the American Landscape (LSU Press, 2016)


Bianca Maria Rinaldi, editor, Ideas of Chinese Gardens
Western Accounts, 1300-1860 A volume in the Penn Studies in Landscape Architecture series(Penn Press, 2015)

Charles Birnbaum, Ann Komara Lawrence Halprin's Skyline Park,
Series: Modern Landscapes: Transition and Transformation

Susan Rademacher, Mellon Square: Discovering a Modern Masterpiece
Series: Modern Landscapes: Transition and Transformation

Alan Tate, Great City Parks (Routledge, 2015)

R. Bruce Stephenson, John Nolen, Landscape Architect and City Planner,(University of Massachusetts Press, 2015)

Miriam Engler, Cut and Paste Urban Landscape: The Work of Gordon Cullen (Routledge, August 17, 2015).

Dorothée Imbert, editor, Food and the City: Histories of Culture and Cultivation (Dumbarton Oaks, Harvard University, 2015)

Martin Wood and Judith Tankard,Gertrude Jekyll At Munstead Wood (Pimpernel Garden Classic, 2015).

Lake Douglas, editor Steward of the Land: Selected Writings of Nineteenth-Century Horticulturist Thomas Affleck, by Thomas Affleck (LSU Press, 2014)

Stephen Heyde, KASTEELDOMEINEN 1795-2015, Historische tuinen en parken in de zuidelijke Westhoek (Lanoo, 2015)

Anna O. Marley, The Artist's Garden: American Impressionism and the Garden Movement (University of Pennsylvania Press, 2014)

James Stevens Curl & Susan Wilson. The Oxford Dictionary Of Architecture. (Third Edition. New York City: Oxford University Press, 2015).

Annemarie Jordan Gschwend and K.J.P. Lowe, editors, The Global City: On the Streets of Renaissance Lisbon (Paul Holberton publishing, 2015)

Therese O’Malley and Joachim Wolschke-Bulmahn, eds. Modernism and Landscape Architecture, 1890–1940 (Yale University Press, 2015)

Anthony Acciavatti, Ganges Water Machine: Designing New India’s Ancient River (San Francisco: Applied Research and Design, 2015).

Georges Farhat. “Manorial Economy and French Seventeenth-Century-designed Landscapes: The Formal Type by Savot (1624) and at Sceaux (1670–1690).” Landscape Research (2015): 1-20, DOI: 10.1080/01426397.2014.96680 :

Sonja Dümpelmann and John Beardsley (eds.), Women, Modernity, and Landscape Architecture (Routledge, 2015).

Thaisa Way, The Landscape Architecture of Richard Haag: from Modernism to Urban Ecological Design (UW Press, 2015)


Susan M Fraser, Susan and Vanessa Bezemer Sellers, eds. Flora Illustrata: Great Works from the LuEsther T. Mertz Library of the New York Botanical Garden, Yale University Press (2014)

Heyde, Steven. 'The historical roots of 'aesthetics' in landscape architecture: an introduction.' Studies in the History of Gardens & Designed Landscapes 34, no. 2 (2014): 123-14

Vittoria Di Palma, Wasteland, A History (New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 2014

Keith N. Morgan, Elizabeth Hope Cushing, and Roger G. Reed, Community by Design: The Olmsted Firm and the Development of Brookline, Massachusetts: Frederick Law Olmsted’s firm and the coming of age of suburban development Amherst & Boston: (University of Massachusetts Press, 2014).

Elissa Rosenberg, "Landscape and Commemoration: the Kibbutz Cemetery" Studies of Garden History and Designed Landscapes, DOI: 10.1080/14601176.2014.928138, (September 2014)

Sonja Dümpelmann, Flights of Imagination: Aviation, Landscape, Design ( UVA Press, 2014).

Elizabeth Hope Cushing, Arthur A. Shurcliff: Design, Preservation, and the Creation of the colonial Williamsburg Landscape. (AUniversity of Massachusetts Press, 2014).

Hubertus Fischer, Sarah Ozacky-Lazar, Joachim Wolschke-Bulmahn, eds., Environmental Policy and Landscape Architecture, (Munich: AVM, 2014).

Geoffrey R. Dixon and David E. Aldous. eds., Horticulture – Plants People and Places (Springer, 2014)

Michael G. Lee and Kenneth L. Helphand, editors. Technology and the Garden, (Harvard University Press, 2014).

Susan Herrington. Foreword by Marc Treib, Cornelia Hahn Oberlander: Making the Modern Landscape (University of Virginia Press. 2014).

Michelle Nilsen The Working Man's Green Space: Allotment Gardens in England, France, and Germany, 1870-1919. (UVA Press. 2014).

Waverly Lowell, Elizabeth Byrne, Carrie L. McDade, Landscape at Berkeley: The First 100 Years (Regents of the University of California and the College of Environmental Design. 2014).

Elizabeth McKellar. Landscapes of London: The City, the Country, and the Suburbs, 1660–1840. (Yale Press, 2014_.


Amina-Aicha Malek,, editor. Sourcebook for Garden Archaeology: Methods, Techniques, Interpretations and Field Examples (Berlin: Peter Lang, 2013)

James Beattie and Duncan Campbell, Lan Yuan: A Garden of Distant Longing, Dunedin: Shanghai Museum Press and Dunedin Chinese Gardens Trust, 2013.

John Beardsley, editor. Designing Wildlife Habitats, Dumbarton Oaks Colloquium Series in the History of Landscape Architecture, 34.Washington DC: Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection. 2013.

Katherine M. Bentz, "The Afterlife of the Cesi Garden: Family Identity, Politics, and Memory in Early Modern Rome," Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians 72.2 (June) 2013: 134-165.

Nelson Byrd, Thomas Woltz, Stephen Orr and Elizabeth Meyer, Nelson Byrd Woltz. Garden Park Community Farm, Princeton: Princeton Architectural Press, 2013

Ethan Carr, Amanda Gagel, Michael Shapiro, eds. The Early Boston Years, 1882-1891, Volume 8 of the Papers of Frederick Law Olmsted, Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 2013.

Ethan Carr, Shaun Eyring, Richard Guy Wilson, eds. Public Nature: Scenery, History, and Park Design, Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 2013.

Lake Douglas, "Certain pleasures, ambiguous grounds: the etymology and evolution of the pleasure garden" Journal of Landscape Architecture 8.1 (Spring 2013): 48-53

Lake Douglas, "Pleasure Gardens in Nineteenth-Century New Orleans: 'Useful for All Classes of Society' " in The Pleasure Garden, from Vauxhall to Coney Island, Jonathan Conlin, ed., University of Pennsylvania Press, 2013; 150-176.

George Farhat and Patricia Bouchenot-Dechin, editors, Le Notre in Perspective, (original in french, english version also available), Editions Hazan, Paris, 2014.

Mohammad Gharipour, Persian Gardens and Pavilions: Reflections in History, Poetry and the Arts, London: I.B.Tauris, 2013.

David H. Haney, ed. and trans. Migge, Leberecht. _Garden Culture of the Twentieth Century, Washington DC: Dumbarton Oaks, 2013.

Michael Leslie and John Dixon Hunt. A Cultural History of Gardens. 6 vols London: Bloomsbury, 2013.

Judith K. Major, Mariana Griswold Van Rensselaer: A Landscape Critic in the Gilded Age, Charlottesville and London: University of Virginia Press, 2013.

Keith N. Morgan, Elizabeth Hope Cushing, and Roger G. Reed. Community by Design: The Olmsted Firm and the Development of Brookline, Massachusetts, Boston: The Library of American Landscape History and the University of Massachusetts Press, 2013.

Diane Painter, "We're in the Landscape Business" Oregon Heritage blog:

Charles O. Paullin and John K. Wright, Atlas of the Historical Geography of the United States, first published in 1932 and containing almost 700 maps, digitized here:

Kristen Podolak, G. Mathias Kondolf, Louise A. Mozingo, Keith Bowhill, and Margaretta M. Lovell, “Designing with Nature? The persistence of Capability Brown’s 18th-century water features,” Landscape Journal 32:1, 2013:53-66.

Denis Ribouillault, Rome en ses jardins. Paysage et pouvoir au XVIe siècle, Paris : CTHS – INHA (coll. « L’Art et l’Essai », 12), 2013.

Elizabeth Barlow Rogers, Learning Las Vegas: Portrait of a Northern New Mexican Place, Museum of New Mexico Press in association with the Foundation for Landscape Studies, 2013.

William Tronzo, Petrarch's Two Gardens. Landscape and the image of movement, New York: Italica Press, 2013.

Elizabeth Westling. "A Tree Grows in Brookline: A Memoir of Longwood and Cottage Farm in the Mid-Nineteenth Century" Studies in the History of Gardens & Designed Landscapes 33.4 (2013): 321-344.

Stephen H. Whiteman, “From Upper Camp to Mountain Estate: Recovering Historical Narratives in Qing Imperial Landscapes.” Studies in the History of Gardens & Designed Landscapes 33.4 (2013): 249-279.

Stephen H. Whiteman, “Kangxi’s Auspicious Empire: Rhetorics of Geographic Integration in the Early Qing.” In Jeffrey Kyong-McClain and Du Yongtao, eds., Chinese History in Geographical Perspective, Lanham, Md.: Lexington Books, 2013: 33-54.

Seven short films on Islamic visual culture written and presented by D. Fairchild Ruggles for the NEH. The series includes films on Islamic gardens, mosques, and travel. They are now available for on-line streaming via the website:

2012 BOOKS

Henderson Ron. The Gardens of Suzhou (Penn Studies in Landscape Architecture 2012)

Conlin, Jonathon, ed. The Pleasure Garden, from Vauxhall to Coney Island (Penn Studies in Landscape Architecture 2012)

Maloney, Cathy Jean. World's Fair Gardens: Shaping American Landscapes, (UVa Press 2012)

Wilson, Thomas D. The Oglethorpe Plan: Enlightenment Design in Savannah and Beyond (UVa Press 2012)

Komara, Ann. HALPRIN Lawrence Halprin's Skyline Park. (Princeton Architectural Press 2012)

Watters, Sam. Gardens for a Beautiful America 1895-1935: Photographs by Frances Benjamin Johnston. (2012 Acanthus Press)

Cheng, Ji. The Craft of Gardens: The Classic Chinese Text on Garden Design.
(North Clarendon, 2012)

Twombley, Robert. Andrew Jackson Downing: Essential Texts. (2012 Norton)

Beattie, James. 'Imperial Landscapes of Health: Place, Plants and People between India and Australia, 1800s-1900s', in Health & History, 14, 1 (2012), pp.100-120.

Bann, Stephen, editor. Interlacing Words and Things: Bridging the Nature-Culture Opposition in Gardens and Landscape, (Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection 2012)

Vernon, Christopher. Graceland Cemetery: A Design History (University of Massachusetts Press 2012)

Beardsley, John. Editor. Landscape Body Dwelling: Charles Simonds at Dumbarton Oaks, (Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection 2012)

2011 BOOKS

Annette Becker, Peter Cachola Schmal, eds, Stadtgrün: Europäische Landschaftsarchitektur für das 21. Jahrhundert / Urban Green: European Landscape Design for the 21st Century, (Basel: Birkhauser, 2010). Essays by Marc Treib, Ulrich Maximilian Schumann, Cassian Schmidt, Udo Weilacher, Wolfgang Haber, Inken Formann, Richard Ingersoll, Detlev Ipsen, Christophe Girot, Norbert Kühn.

Mirka Benes and Michael G. Lee, eds. Clio In The Italian Garden. Twenty-First-Century Studies In Historical Methods And Theoretical Perspectives (Cambridge, MA: Dumbarton Oaks and Harvard University Press, 2011).

M. Elen Deming and Simon Swaffield. Landscape Architecture Research: Inquiry, Strategy, Design (Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, 2011).

Fletcher Steele, Design in the LIttle Garden- 1924 reprint published by University of Massachusetts Press in association with LALH

Sonja Duempelmann and Dorothee Brantz. GREENING THE CITY: URBAN LANDSCAPES IN THE 20TH CENTURY (Charlottesville, Va: UVa Press, 2011)

Lake Douglas, Public Spaces, Private Gardens (New Orleans: LSU Press, 2011

Thilo Folkerts, ed. Ein Landschaftsskulptur für München / A Landscape Sculpture for Munich: Topotek 1, (Rosemarie Trockel. Basel: Birkhauser, 2011). Essays by Marc Treib, Pietro Valle, Brigitte Franzen.

Warren Hofstra and Karl Raitz. The Great Valley Road of Virginia: Shenandoah Landscapes from Prehistory to the Present. (Charlottesville: UVa Press, 2010)

Rebecca Ginsburg. At Home with Apartheid: The Hidden Landscapes of Domestic Service in Johannesburg (Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 2011.

Linda Jewell and Louise Mozingo, Editors, Women and Landscape Architecture: Essays in History and Practice (McFarland Press, 2011)- chapters by many of our members.

Micheline Nilsen, ed. Nineteenth-Century Landscape Photographers in the Americas: Artists, Journeyman or Entrepreneurs? South Bend, IN: The Wolfson Press, 2011. ix + 97 pp. Figures, notes, bibliography, and list of illustrations. $ 15.00. ISBN 978-0-9799532-9-3.  

Katherine Wentworth Rinne. The Waters of Rome: Aqueducts, Fountains, and the Birth of the Baroque City (Yale University Press, 2011)

D. Fairchild Ruggles, ed. Islamic Art & Visual Culture: An Anthology of Sources (NY: Wiley-Blackwell, 2011).

D. Fairchild Ruggles, ed. Heritage Cities and Sites (Springer Press, 2011)

Judith Tankard, Gertrude Jekyll and the Country House Garden: From the Archives of Country Life(Aurum Press UK and Rizzoli USA)

Marc Treib, editor. Meaning in Landscape Architecture and
with essays by Treib, Jane Gillette, Susan Herrington, Laurie Olin. (Routledge, 2011).

2010 BOOKS

Daniel Bluestone. Buildings, Landscapes, and Memory: Case Studies in Historic Preservation (Norton Press, 2010).

Daniel Bluestone. Buildings, Landscapes, and Memory: Case Studies in Historic Preservation. (Norton Press, 2010).

Dianne Harris, editor. Second Suburb: Levittown, Pennsylvania (Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 2010), has won the 2011 Alan G. Noble Award for best-edited book from the Pioneer America Society.

Therese O’Malley, with contributions by Elizabeth Kryder-Reid and Anne L. Helmreich, Keywords in American Landscape Design. (New Haven: Yale University Press in cooperation with the Center for Advanced Study in the Visual Arts, National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC, 2010).

James W. White. Mirrors of Memory: Culture, Politics, and Time in Paris and Tokyo (Charlottesville: UVa Press, 2010)

2009 Publications

Lake Point: A Design History, by Edward Windhorst and Kevin Harrington.
Illustrated with photographs by Hedrich-Blessing Photographers and the late Richard Nickel, Lake Point Tower: A Design History also includes new photographs and numerous explanatory drawings made especially for this, the first book-length study of its subject.
The book is available now from the Chicago Architecture Foundation store for $19.95 plus tax.

Charles Birnbaum and Stephanie Foell, eds.. Shaping the American Landscape: New Profiles from the Pioneers of American Landscape Design Project. University of Virginia Press. Fall 2009. (with entries by many of our members)


Dorothee Imbert. Between Garden and City: Jean Canneel-Claes and Landscape Modernism. Pittsburgh University Press. Fall 2009.

David Jacques and Jan Woudstra, eds.. Landscape Modernism Renounced: The Career of Christopher Tunnard (1910-1979), Routledge. 2009.

Waverly Lowell. Living Modern: A Biography of Greenwood Commons. Richmond, California: William Stout Publishers. 2009.

Theresa Mattor and Lucie Teegarden. Designing the Maine Landscape. Down East Books. May 2009. Preface by Earle Shettleworth Jr.; Foreword by Charles E. Beveridge

Miles Orvell, and Jeffrey L. Miekle, eds. Public Space and the Ideology of Place in American Culture. Amsterdam-New York: Rodopi. 2009.

Reuben M. Rainey and Marc Treib, eds. Dan Kiley Landscapes: The Poetry of Space. University of Virginia conference papers, Richmond, California: William Stout Publishers. 2009.

Judith B Tankard. Beatrix Farrand: Private Gardens, Public Landscapes.The Monacelli Press/Random House. September 2009.

Marc Treib, ed.. Spatial Recall: Memory in Architecture and Landscape. Routledge Press. 2009.

Thaisa Way. Unbounded Practices: Women and Landscape Architecture in the Early Twentieth Century. University of Virginia Press, 2009.

Cynthia Zaitzevsky. Long Island Landscapes and the Women Who Designed Them. W.W. Norton, 2009.

Three Library of American Landscape History books published by the University of Massachusetts Press and scheduled to appear in the Spring

Garrett Eckbo, Landscape for Living (1950)Foreword essay by David c. Streatfield

Robert Morris Copeland Country Life: A Handbook of Agriculture, Horticulture and Landscape Gardening Foreword essay by William H. Tishler

Samuel Parsons, Jr. The Art of Landscape Architecture, Foreword essay by Francis R. Kowsky

2008 Publications

Arnold Alanen. Morgan Park: Duluth, U.S. Steel, and the Forging of a Company Town. University of Minnesota Press, 2008.
From 1915 to 1971 the large U.S. Steel plant was a major part of Duluth’s landscape and life. Just as important was Morgan Park—an innovatively planned and close-knit community constructed for the plant’s employees and their families. In this new book Arnold R. Alanen brings to life Morgan Park, the formerly company-controlled town that now stands as a city neighborhood, and the U.S. Steel plant for which it was built. Planned by renowned landscape architects, architects, and engineers, and provided with schools, churches, and recreational and medical services by U.S. Steel, Morgan Park is an iconic example—like Lowell, Massachusetts, and Pullman, Illinois—of a twentieth-century company town, as well as a window into northeastern Minnesota’s industrial roots. The community was planned by Morell & Nichols of Minneapolis, for several years from 1910 onward, the largest landscape architecture firm in the Upper Midwest. A significant section of the book features their planning and landscape design work at Morgan Park, which occurred from 1913 to 1922.

Edward R. Bosley and Anne E. Mallek, eds.. A New and Native Beauty: The Art and Craft of Greene & Greene. Merrell Publishers, 2008.
Foreword by Frank O. Gehry
The architects Charles Sumner Greene and Henry Mather Greene worked together in California at the turn of the twentieth century, developing a distinctly American interpretation of the Arts and Crafts style. Between1902 and1910 the brothers produced their finest work,not only creating private residences but also providing design and construction supervision of furniture and other interior elements.This superbly illustrated book celebrates the decorative arts of Greene and Greene, and features essays exploring their furniture designs, metalwork and stained glass, among other aspects of their exquisite craftsmanship.

Raffaella Fabiani Giannetto. Medici Gardens. Penn Studies in Landscape Architecture, University of Pennsylvania Press, 2008
Medici Gardens: From Making to Design challenges the common assumption that such gardens as Trebbio, Cafaggiolo, Careggi, and Fiesole were the products of an established design practice whereby one client commissioned one architect or artist. The book reverses the usual belief that a garden is the practical application of theoretical principles extracted from garden treatises, and suggests that, in the case of the gardens in Florence, garden making preceded its theoretical articulation. Drawing from Medici tax returns, inventories, and correspondence, Raffaella Fabiani Giannetto examines the transformation of these gardens from functional and pleasurable kitchen gardens to symbols of political power and family prestige. The Medici gardens of the fifteenth century were the result both of everyday living and of a poetic activity that was influenced by cultural expectations and societal demands. Crossing disciplinary boundaries, the author compares the making of actual gardens to that of the literary pleasances described by Petrarch, Boccaccio, and Ficino. Although the fictional gardens appear "designed" in that their place within literary works is carefully thought through, their actual counterparts are the product of a modus operandi, indebted to horticultural knowledge handed down from one generation to another in a slowly evolving tradition.

Erik de Jong and Christian Bertram, eds.. Invisible Work: Michael van Gessel Landscape Architect. NAI Publishers, 2008.
Authors: Christian Bertram, Lisa Diedrich, Frits Palmboom, Erik de Jong, Adriaan van der Staay, Clemens Steenbergen, Photography: Kim Zwarts
Over the last three decades, Michael van Gessel (b. 1948) has amply demonstrated his exceptional talent as a landscape architect. His work is highly varied in nature and embraces a diversity of typologies, ranging from private gardens to urban planning projects. He oversaw the renovation of the park of Castle Groeneveld, Valkenberg Park in Breda, Artis Zoo in Amsterdam and the Twickel country estate. He also supervised the renovation of Amsterdam's Vondel Park and drew up the master plan for the restoration of the park and the landscaping around Castle De Haar. He has devised urban development plans for Prinsenland (Rotterdam), Ede town centre and Ruskenveen (Hoogkerk). Other important designs that bear his signature include the Kromhout Park (Tilburg), the inner courtyards of the Ministry of Agriculture in The Hague and its integration into the urban fabric, and the concept for the reorganization of the Camp Vught National Monument. As a supervisor for the public space, Van Gessel was involved in plans for IJburg, the Southern Banks of the IJ in Amsterdam and Almere city centre.
This comprehensive publication about the work of Michael van Gessel and the context and significance of his 30-year career as a landscape designer is pivotal to gaining an understanding of the tradition of landscape architecture in the Netherlands. This is not simply because of the historical significance of Van Gessel's work, but also because an analysis and contextualization of this oeuvre sheds light on landscape architecture as a discipline.

Erik de Jong, Christian Bertram, and Michel Lafaille. Landscapes of the Imagination/ Designing the European Tradition of Garden and Landscape Architecture 1600-2000. NAI Publishers, 2008.
Exhibition at Paleis Het Loo, Apeldoorn from 11 June 2008 to 28 September 2008
Landscapes of the Imagination. Designing the European Tradition of Garden and Landscape Architecture 1600-2000 is about the significance of garden and landscape architecture as a design discipline. The core of the book and exhibition is formed by a selection of 40 original designs and sketches from the European tradition of garden and landscape architecture. They were designed by familiar names such as Le Nôtre, Humphrey Repton, Peter Joseph Lenné, Ernst Cramer, Gunnar Asplund and Bernard Tschumi, but also by less famous designers, including a 17th-century amateur/commissioner. These drawings are virtually unknown among the general public or professional circles.
The designs reveal that garden and landscape architecture is a conceptual design discipline that is aimed at shaping actual as well as symbolic surroundings. They also denote a discipline that, unlike any other form of design, works with the complex medium of the landscape itself. We can therefore draw a wealth of insights from these wonderfully executed designs regarding the relationship between humankind, nature, landscape and culture. Reference materials such as engravings, photographs and texts provide the reader with insight into the design of these landscapes and elucidate the powers of imagination that played a role in their conception. Six plans are documented in their current state in a photographic essay.
TO BE ORDERED THROUGH: NAi Booksellers: Mauritsweg 23, 3012 JR Rotterdam, NL, Tel: +31(0)10 - 20 10 133, Fax: +31(0)10 - 20 10 130,,

Therese O'Malley and Amy R.W.Meyers, eds.. The Art of Natural History: Illustrated Treatises and Botanical Paintings, 1400-1850. Studies in the History of Art, Center for Advanced Study in the Visual Arts (CASVA), National Gallery of Art. 2008.
“Making knowledge visible” is how one 16th-century naturalist described the work of the illustrator of botanical treatises. His words reflected the growing role played by illustrators at a time when the study of nature had been assuming new authority in the world of learning. An absorbing exploration of the relationship between image and text, this collection considers how both aided the development and transmission of scientific knowledge. Presenting images found throughout Europe in works on natural history, medicine, botany, horticulture, and garden design, and studies of insects, birds, and animals, essays by 12 contributors emphasize their artistic as well as scientific values. Illustrators are shown to have been both artists and either naturalists or gardeners, bringing to their work aesthetic judgment and empirical observation. Their fascinating images receive a fresh, wide-ranging analysis that covers such topics as innovation, patronage, readership, reception, technologies of production, and the relationship between the fine arts and scientific depictions of nature.

D. Fairchild Ruggles. Islamic Gardens and Landscapes. University of Pennsylvania Press. 2008.
Islamic Gardens and Landscapes immerses the reader in the world of the architects of the great gardens of the Islamic world, from the seventh century to the present. Western admirers have long seen the Islamic garden as an earthly reflection of the paradise said to await the faithful. However, such simplification denies the sophistication and diversity of the art form. Islamic gardens began from the practical need to organize the surrounding space of human civilization, tame nature, enhance the earth's yield, and create a legible map on which to distribute natural resources. With thematic chapters followed by an encyclopedia of sites, copiously illustrated with photographs and new plans, the book follows the evolution of these early efforts in landscape cultivation, to their apex in famous elite gardens of the Alhambra in Spain and the Taj Mahal in Agra.

Marc Treib, ed.. Representing Landscape Architecture. Taylor & Francis (Routledge). 2008.
Its 14 essays provide a comprehensive overview, both historical and contemporary, of representing and communicating landscape ideas, forms, and spaces. Included are essays by Dianne Harris and David Hays, Dorothée Imbert, Peter Walker, Stephen Daniels, Thorbjörn Andersson, Kenneth Helphand, Randolph Hester, Laurie Olin, Chip Sullivan, Noel van Dooren, Kirt Rieder, Walter Hood, and Marc Treib.

James L. Wescoat and Douglas M. Johnston, eds.. Political Economies of Landscape Change: Places of Integrative Power. Springer Publishers. 2008.
Political Economies of Landscape Change contributes to the Landscape Architecture Foundation's Landscape Futures Initiative, which explores driving forces of landscape change that societies and designers will face in the 21st century. Politics and economics exert profoundly important, and dynamic influences on land use, landcover, and landscape experience. Likewise, landscapes shape political economies from the site to the global scales.This book examines the complex relationships between political economy and landscape change. It encompasses perspectives ranging from radical landscape interpretation to sustainable livelihoods, real estate economics, institutions, international landscape policies, and global finance. It asks what difference "design" can make within the broader structural contexts of landscape change.

2007 Publications

Carr, Ethan. Mission 66: Modernism and the National Park Dilemma, (University of Massachusetts Press) 2007.

Chappell, Sally. Chicago’s Urban Nature: A Guide to the City’s Architecture + Landscape (University of Chicago Press, 2007),

Conan. Michael., ed. Middle East Gardens Tradition. (Dumbarton Oaks and Harvard University Press, 2007.)

Howett, Catherine. A World of Her Own Making: Katherine Smith Reynolds and the Landscape of Reynolda (University of Mass. Press, 2007)

DeLue, Rachel and James Elkins, eds. Landscape Theory, (Routledge, 2007)

Harris, Dianne and D. Fairchild Ruggles, editors, Sites Unseen: Landscape and Vision (University of Pittsburgh Press, 2007).

Lee, Michael G. The German “Mittelweg”: Garden Theory and Philosophy in the Time of Kant. (Routledge, 2007)

Major, Judith. "Mariana Griswold Van Rennselaer's Landscape Gardening in Garden and Forest" Landscape Journal Vol. 26, No. 2 (2007): 183-200.

Musgrave, Toby, The Head Gardeners - forgotten heroes of horticulture (2007, Aurum, London)

Rainey, Reuben and J.C. Miller, Modern Public Gardens, Robert Royston and the Suburban Park (Berkeley/Design/Books #3, William Stout Publishers. 2007)

Dianne Harris is guest editor of the 2007 winter issue of Landscape Journal focused on “Race and Space"

2006 Publications

Longstreth,Richard "Washington and the Landscape of Fear," City & Society [Journal of the American Anthropological Association/Society for Urban, National, Transnational/Global Anthropology] 18: 1 (2006): 7-30.

McHarg, Ian and Frederick R. Steiner, ed.. The Essential Ian McHarg: Writings on Design and Nature. Island Press; New Ed edition, 2006.

Simo, Melanie. Literature of Place: Dwelling on the Land before Earth Day 1970. University of Virginia Press, 2006

Taylor, Patrick ed. The Oxford Companion to the Garden, 2006 with essays by a number of our colleagues including Judith Major.

Thompson, Ian. The Sun King's Garden: Louis XIV, Andre le Notre and the Creation of the Gardens of Versailles. Bloomsbury USA, 2006.

Watters, Sam Ed. American Gardens, 1890-1930: Northeast, Mid-atlantic, And Midwest Regions. Acanthus Press, 2006.

2005 Publications


Andersson, S-I, Floryan, M and Lund, A-M (ed.). Great European Gardens. An Atlas of Historical Plans. The Danish Architectural Press, Copenhagen 2005

Andersson, Thorbjörn. The Architecture of Per Friberg It is a two-language biography (Swedish--English), 2005. Available at Arkitektur Förlag Publishers, PO box 4296, 102 66 Stockholm, Sweden

Birnbaum, Charles and Mary Hughes. Design With Culture: Claiming America's Landscape Heritage. University Press of Virginia, 2005.

Birnbaum, Charles. Preserving Modern Landscape Architecture II: Making Postwar Landscapes Visible. Spacemaker Press, 2005.

Conan, Michel, Jose Tito Rojo, Luigi Zanghieri, eds. Histories of Garden Conservation: Case Studies and Critical Debates. Colloquium organized by Dumbarton Oaks, the Accademia delle Arti del Disegno, and the University of Granada Florence: Leo. S. Olschki, 2005.

Gomes, Lyle. Imagining Eden.University of Virginia Press, 2005.

Grove, Carol. Henry Shaw's Victorian Landscapes: The Missouri Botanical Garden and Tower Grove Park. University of Mass./Library of American Landscape History, 2005.

Hall, Marcus. EARTH REPAIR. A TRANSATLANTIC HISTORY OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESTORATION. University of Virginia Press, Published in Association with the Center for American Places, 2005.

Harris, Dianne. Maybeck's Landscapes: Drawing in Nature. William Stout Publishers, San Francisco, 2005.

O'Kane, Finola. Landscape Design in Eighteenth Century Ireland. Cork University Pressm 2005.

Racine, Michel. Allain Provost: Invented Landscapes. Stichting Kunstboek; Bilingual edition, 2005.

Reed, Peter. Groundswell: Constructing the Contemporary Landscape. The Museum of Modern Art, 2005.

Treib, Marc. The Donnell and Eckbo Gardens: Modern Californian Masterworks. William Stout Publishers, San Francisco, 2005.

Treib, Marc. Thomas Church, Landscape Architect: Designing a Modern California Landscape. William K Stout Publishers, 2005.


Garden and forest, a journal of horticulture, landscape art, and forestry, 1888-1897. The first American journal devoted to horticulture, botany, landscape design and preservation, national and urban park development, scientific forestry, and the conservation of forest resources.

Garden history, [London]: Garden History Society, 1972--.  Cumulative index, v.1-27 (1972-1999).

Garten und landschaft, Munich.  Published since 1890. The German equivalent of Landscape Architecture (ASLA)

The Garden. Formerly  The Journal of the Royal Horticultural Society, London. 1846- present. Note several title variations. 

Historic Gardens Review:A Fresh Perspective on our Garden Heritage
The Historic Gardens Foundation works to bring lovers of historic gardens together through its interactive worldwide network. It campaigns for the protection and conservation of historic parks and gardens everywhere in the world, famous and lesser-known, big and small, formal and picturesque.
1) The Historic Gardens Foundation works to bring lovers of historic gardens together through its interactive worldwide network. It campaigns for the protection and conservation of historic parks and gardens everywhere in the world, famous and lesser-known, big and small, formal and picturesque. The HGF is a not-for-profit organisation, which receives no public funding, and so is completely independent. Historic Gardens Review is the HGF's magazine. Stimulating and beautifully produced, it contains an intelligent mix of articles on all aspects of our international garden heritage. Written for and by historic garden enthusiasts from all round the world, the Review is a great way to connect with like-minded people.
2) Historic Gardens Review, the international magazine of the Historic Gardens Foundatio
The HGF is a not-for-profit organisation, which receives no public funding, and so is completely independent.

Journal of Landscape Architecture/ JoLA is the peer-review academic journal established by the European Council of Landscape Architecture Schools (ECLAS) in 2006

Journal of urban history, Sage Publications.  Online ed.:  1989 (v.15:2)--; available full-text via ProQuest.

Landscape Architecture Magazine, American Society of Landscape Architects.  1910--.
Bibliographies: Bruce K. Ferguson published a series of thematic bibliographies of articles from Landscape Architecture, principally from the period 1910-1979. Search the online catalogs under his name for a complete list.

Landscape history: Journal of the Society for Landscape Studies Wakefield [Yorkshire]: The Society.  Annual.  Online ed.: 1979-1997; abstracts & tables of contents:

Landscape Journal. Journal of the Council of Educators in Landscape Architecture. and

Landscape research, Landscape Research Group. Online ed.: 2000 (v.25): and

Parks & recreation, American Institute of Park Executives.  1906 to present. Several title variations.

Studies in the history of gardens & designed landscapes. Formerly Journal of garden history.Washington, DC: Taylor & Francis, 1981 to present.

General Surveys of Landscape History

Grounds for change: major gardens of the twentieth century, by William Howard. Adams, Boston: Little, Brown and Co., 1993.

History of garden art, Marie Luise Schroeter Gothein. NY: Dutton, [1928]. Well-illustrated. European emphasis; perfunctory coverage of Asia, North America, and the Middle East.

The History of garden design: the western tradition from the Renaissance to the present day, Monique Mosser and Georges Teyssot, eds. London: Thames & Hudson, 1991. 652 illustrations, 129 in colour, and 51 specially drawn plans.

Landscape design: a cultural and architectural history, by Elizabeth Barlow Rogers. NY: Harry N. Abrams, 2001.

The Landscape of man: shaping the environment from prehistory to the present day, by Geoffrey & Susan Jellicoe. 3rd ed., expanded & updated, rev. & enl. ed. NY: Thames and Hudson, 1995.

Landscapes in history: design and planning in the Eastern and Western traditions, by Philip Pregill, Nancy Volkman, 2nd ed., NY: John Wiley & Sons, 1999. Includes extensive bibliography.

Modern garden design: innovation since 1900,
by Janet Waymark. London: Thames & Hudson, 2003.

The Park and the town: public landscape in the 19th and 20th centuries, by George F. Chadwick. London, Architectural Pr., 1966. Covers the development of public parks in the U.S. and Europe. Includes illustrations and a bibliography.

Perspectives on garden histories, Michel Conan, ed. Washington, DC: Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection, 1999. Includes articles on the historiography of gardens.

American landscape architecture: designers and places, William H. Tishler, ed. Washington, DC: Preservation Pr., 1989.

Gardeners, gurus & grubs: the stories of garden inventors & innovations, by George Drower. Stroud: Sutton, 2001.

Pioneers of American landscape design, Charles A. Birnbaum, Robin Karson, eds. NY: McGraw-Hill, 2000. Contains excellent biographical essays about 160 American landscape architects and designers and their work. Each essay includes a brief bibliography. Illustrated.

The School in a garden: foundations and founders of landscape architecture , by Gordon T. Millichap, J. Gordon Millichap.. Chicago: PNB Publishers, 2000.

Clues to American garden styles, by David P. Fogle, Catherine Mahan, and Christopher Weeks. Rev. ed. Washington: Starrhill Press, 1988.

Dictionaries and References

Dictionary of art, Jane Turner, ed. NY: Grove, 1996. Not a dictionary, in spite of its name. Includes excellent articles on landscape topics. Bibliographies & illustrations. Available online as the Grove art online -Online ed.:

Dictionary of gardening, the Royal Horticultural Society. Anthony Huxley, ed. 4 vols. NY: Stockton Pr., 1992. Primarily an encyclopedia of plants. However, includes substantial articles on the landscape architecture and gardening traditions of 12 countries or regions (e.g., 12 page article each on the history of gardening in the United Kingdom and the United States) as well as 173 brief biographies of landscape architects and gardeners (e.g., Roberto Burle-Marx, Thomas Church, Beatrix Farrand, and Hermann Puckler-Muskau).

Dictionnaire historique de l'art des jardins, by Michel Conan. [Paris]: Hazan, [1997]. Nicely illustrated.

Encyclopedia of community: from the village to the virtual world, Karen Christensen & David Levinson, general eds. 4 vols. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 2003. Comprised of well-written signed articles on such relevant topics as civic agriculture, community gardening, garden cities, and theme parks. Each article includes a bibliography.

Encyclopedia of gardens: history and design, Chicago Botanic Garden. Candice A. Shoemaker, ed. 3 volumes. Chicago: Fitzroy Dearborn, 2001--.Excellent source for landscape design history. Substantive signed articles are illustrated and each includes a brief bibliography. Chronologies of of selected projects are given for landscape designers.

European gardens: an historical atlas, by Virgilio Vercelloni. NY: Rizzoli, 1990. Chronological arrangement with great illustrations, some color. Index, bibliography.

A Glossary of garden history, by Michael Symes. Princes Risborough: Shire, 1993.

Oxford companion to gardens, Patrick Goode, Michael Lancaster, executive eds. NY: Oxford Univ. Pr., 1986.

"Timeline of American landscape architecture." Landscape Architecture, v. 89, 1999. A ten-part series of articles presenting, decade by decade, a brief history and timeline of American landscape architecture.
1899-1909, by Ethan Carr, v.89:1, 78-79 (Jan. 1999).
1910-1919, by Ethan Carr, v.89:2, 78-79 (Feb. 1999).
1920-1929, by Ethan Carr, v.89:3, 80-81 (Mar. 1999).
1930-1939, by Ethan Carr, v.89:4, 82-83 (Apr. 1999).
1940-1949, by Jory Johnson, v.89:5, 84-85 (May 1999).
1950-1959, by Jory Johnson, v.89:6, 90-91 (Jun 1999).
1960-1969, by Jory Johnson, v.89:7, 86-87 (Jul 1999).
1970-1979, by Jory Johnson, v.89:8, 82-83 (Aug 1999).
1980-1989, by Jory Johnson, v.89:9, 112-113 (Sep 1999).
1990-1999, by Susan Herrington, v.89:10, 78-79 (Oct 1999).

100 years of landscape architecture: some patterns of a century, by Melanie Simo. Washington, DC: ASLA Pr., 1999.

The Politics of park design: a history of urban parks in America, by Galen Cranz. Cambridge, MA: MIT Pr., 1982. Includes a substantive historical overview of park development and use.

On-Line Resources
Landscape History Website -- Online Resources (March 1, 2007)
Annotations by Judith K. Major

André Le Notre

In French or English, the site takes the visitor "From Design to Terrain" to "Le Nôtre's Place in Tradition" to "Le Nôtre and His Time" (which is an interactive timeline of Le Nôtre's gardens and French political events). "The contribution of science and technology," in "From Design to Terrain" has links to arboriculture, horticulture, earthwork, hydraulics, and optics, with an assortment of images (maps, prints, and photographs,) and definitions of terms. "Seven gardens revisited" has links to Meudon, Saint-Germain en-Laye, Sceaux, Chantilly, Les Tuileries, Saint-Cloud, and Versailles. Each link gives a map of the garden, practical information, and an analysis of 'time'-'space'-'close-up.' There is a glossary of terms, short bios of people (i.e., Colbert), and a reference list of texts that were used to create the site.

Archives of American Gardens

The website of the Archives of American Gardens, Smithsonian Horticulture Services Division, offers access to a collection of approximately 60,000 photographic images and records that document historic and contemporary garden in the US. Representative images are available online at The AAG also maintains the W. Atlee Burpee & Company Collection.

Arnold Arboretum
The Arnold Arboretum Horticultural Library in Jamaica Plain began as the personal collection of the Arboretum's first director, Charles Sprague Sargent. Today the library contains over 40,000 volumes which are cataloged in HOLLIS, the Harvard OnLine Library Information System. Recently the library has been expanding its collections on landscape conservation, design, history, interpretation, management, planning, and preservation. Over 25,000 images, dating from 1870 to the present, make up the library's photographic collection. Many of these images document the Arboretum's living collections and record the development of taxa within the collections. Selected photographs are cataloged in Harvard's Visual Images Access database, VIA. The archives are the repository for personal papers and institutional records that document the Arboretum's historical influence on botany and horticulture. The library also curates the 35,000 images that make up the photographic archives. Black-and-white and color prints, 35mm slides, and their predecessors, lantern slides, document individual specimens growing on the grounds as well as these same taxa growing in their native habitats. Online exhibits of historical landscape images; a plant information hotline; a searchable plant inventory, etc. is part of the website.

Attingham Summer Program

One of the main purposes of the Attingham Summer School is to examine the architectural and social history of the country house in Britain and its gardens and landscape setting.The program runs from July 6 to July 24, 2007. See the site for the cost and details.

Bibliotheque René Pechére
The site offers information and reproductions on the holdings of the "cyber" library in Brussels. One can view and download images from the archives as well as from the library. Illustrations from the rare book collection can be searched "par livre" or by "thème" (i.e., labyrinthe, parterre, terrasse) -extremely helpful if you want several different examples of a garden element or if you are looking for an illustration of a specific garden element.

California Garden and Landscape History Society

Purpose: to encourage interest in, study of, and education about California garden and cultural landscape history to identify, document, and promote preservation and restoration of gardens and landscapes essential to understanding California’s history and culture to collect and coordinate resources and expertise about the history of California’s gardens and cultural landscapes to create opportunities to visit and learn about gardens and landscapes, as well as archives and libraries with collections devoted to them to enjoy one another’s company at Society meetings to be a forum for members to share information that furthers the Society’s mission

Cultural Landscape Currents
A project of the Historic Landscape Initiative by the National Park Service this online journal profiles six varieties of cultural landscape types. One issue is devoted to New Deal Roadside Landscape Features. Another topic is the Reynolda Gardens in Winston-Salem, North Carolina, one of the best known works of Philadelphia-based landscape architect Thomas Sears. Excellent historic photographs (which can be downloaded) and extensive bibliographies accompany the reports.

Cultural Landscape Foundation
Maintained by The Cultural Landscape Foundation, the website offers examples and photographs of the 4 general types of cultural landscapes. On the site's top Menu Bar: click on 'Classrooms' and participate in an interactive documentary on “City Shaping: The Olmsteds & Louisville,” or on Chicago’s Columbus Park. Click on 'Pioneers' to listen to 4 sample interviews of Landscape Legends, including Ruth Shellhorn and Lawrence Halprin. 'TCLF in the News' has digitized articles on cultural landscape issues from diverse newspapers and magazines around the country. The online journal Landslide is designed to call attention to threatened properties, including updates on landscapes at risk. To honor and help preserve our nation’s priceless horticultural heritage, the Cultural Landscape Foundation and Garden Design is calling for 2007 nominations for the second annual Landslide List of — Heroes of Horticulture.

Cyberlandscape, European Green Heritage Server

A message on the site informs visitors that from January 1st, 2007, the IFLA Central Region is represented by the EFLA. The European Foundation for Landscape Architecture (EFLA) constitutes the European Region of the International Federation of Landscape Architects (IFLA). The information currently diffused by IFLA CENTRAL REGION is being transferred towards the EFLA Website.

Dumbarton Oaks, Harvard University

Click on “Garden and Landscape Studies” to get the latest information on the program. D.O will not be offering summer fellowships in 2007, there will be a program of non-stipendiary summer readerships available between 11 June & 10 August 2007. D.O. announces 2 new Distinguished Fellowships for resident scholars, which will be awarded by personal invitation of the Director. See site for further details.

Fairsted, Frederick Law Olmsted Archives

Fairsted, Frederick Law Olmsted National Historic Site (National Park Service)
Fairsted, Frederick Law Olmsted National Historic Site (National Park Service). The Fairsted Grounds will be closed for construction until Fall 2009. Go online for a description of the construction project. The Olmsted Archives is currently available on a limited basis for use by researchers during the site’s closure. The site provide a link to Olmsted Research Guide Online.

The Historic Gardens Foundation
The Historic Gardens Foundation, based in the UK, calls itself "The Voice of Historic Parks and Gardens Across the World." The non-profit organization is concerned with the preservation, restoration, and management of historic parks and gardens, as is their magazine Historic Gardens Review, published twice a year. The website offers a comprehensive index to all articles published in the magazine since its inception in 1995. A selection of articles are available online as well; topics include a palm greenhouse in the Czech Republic, a tour of two Russian gardens, and a Crimean Art Nouveau garden. "Links" includes brief but interesting lists of gardens, organizations, and publications.

The Garden History Society
Although The Garden History Society is based in the UK it has an international scope. Check out the website's list for events in London, Bath, Ireland, and Scotland. The website contains brief reviews of recent books (British and American) and an online summary of the contents of back issues of the society's journal Garden History. Items of news and research requests are posted on the site's 'noticeboard.' The Society's 2002 Register of Research in garden history is a useful guide to research activities of Members and includes a list of recent dissertation titles. Click on 'Links' for an extensive list of other garden history links.

Gertrude Jekyll Archives
Most of Gertrude Jekyll's gardens have disappeared because of war, development, or ownership changes, but surviving gardens that can be visited are listed on the website. Jekyll's life and career as a garden designer, a plantswoman, and a painter, and her close cooperation with Sir Edwin Lutyens are described. 'Bookshop' lists books written by Jekyll or collections of her writings as well as biographies and other works about her life. One of the places that 'External Links' takes you is the Tate Gallery London, where you see Sir William Nicholson's oil painting Miss Jekyll's Gardening Boots (1920).

Grove art online
The Grove Art Dictionary Online also provides access to The Oxford Companion to Western Art. In the Articles-a full text search for 'landscape architecture' found 500 items including "Carl Theodor Sørensen" and "Mariana Griswold Van Rensselaer." In the collection of Art Images-a search for 'garden' in the title produced 194 items, including Childe Hassam's In the Garden (1892) and a 14th-century 'Ivory Comb with Scene of Lovers in a Garden.' The Explore feature offers a way to create customized browse lists from over 45,000 articles

Museum of Garden History

This is the website of the first museum dedicated to garden history and gardening. Located in London, England, the museum is housed in the deconsecrated church of St Mary-at-Lambeth. The family tomb of the John Tradescants, two 17th-century plants hunters, is in the churchyard, as is the garden-a reproduction of a 17th-century knot garden. Click on 'The Plants' for details of plants grown in the garden and their relationship to the John Tradescants. Amongst the rare items in the museum's 2,500-volume library is a mid-17th-century herbarium once owned by the eminent botanist Dr. John Fothergill, Fothergill's Hortus siccus. A small selection from the museum's collection of historic garden postcards and its collection of garden tools (which oddly includes gnomes) are online.

National Park Service, Cultural Landscape Currents
A project of the Historic Landscape Initiative by the National Park Service this online journal profiles a variety of cultural landscape types. The series includes an issue devoted to the Reynolda Gardens in Winston-Salem, North Carolina, one of the best known works of Philadelphia-based landscape architect Thomas Sears. The rehabilitation project of the Benjamin Franklin Parkway's two central medians and the New Deal Roadside Landscape Features are topics of two other issues. Historic photographs accompany the reports, which also have extensive bibliographies.

National Park Service, Cultural Resources. Links to the Past
American cultural resource subjects from architecture and engineering to cultural landscapes can be explored on this website. The following 3 publications found on this site can be searched and downloaded: Common Ground, the quarterly magazine from the National Park Service; CRM: The Journal of Heritage Stewardship, which carries peer-reviewed articles on cultural resource topics; and Heritage News. Click on "What's New?" to find the latest virtual museum exhibit or travel itineraries to historic and archeological site.

The Native Plant Conservation Campaign (NPCC)
The Native Plant Conservation Campaign is a project of two of the nation's leading biological diversity conservation science and advocacy groups: the California Native Plant Society and the Center for Biological Diversity. NPCC is a national network of affiliate plant societies, botanical gardens, and other plant conservation organizations. The site contains links to 'Affiliates' ranging from Grand Prairie Friends of Illinois to Kauai Native Plant Society and 'Cooperators' including CalFlora Database. NPCC also performs independent research and publishes reports and literature reviews.

Wave Hill

A public garden and cultural center located in the Bronx, New York, Wave Hill, Inc. just celebrated its 40th anniversary. Click on 'gardens' to see images of the flower garden from March through December and also a list of plants from the plant database for these months. Trees are the cornerstone of Wave Hill's landscape and there is a database for notable trees as well. You can explore the conservatory, wild garden, alpine house, woodland, and dry and herb gardens in the same manner. The website also lists events for Wave Hill's Visual Arts Program that presents artworks in the galleries and on the grounds that engage the public in a dialogue with nature, culture, and site.

Additional Sites

Bard Garden History and Landscape Studies at Bard Graduate Center.

Elizabeth Barlow Rogers, Includes bibliographies, lectures, book reviews and other sources related to landscape history.

Garden History Links: : A very large list of links to sites on garden and landscape history. It has especially good coverage and organization of international sites.

University of Illinois Architectural library resources and lists:

University of California, Berkeley Environmental Design Library: Lists, resources, bibliographies.

Dr. Graham Jones:
He has compiled an excellent list of on-line resources for landscape history, geography, and related disciplines.

The Society for Landscape Studies: : The Society for Landscape Studies was founded in 1979 with the aim of advancing public education by promoting the study of the landscape in all its aspects.

A web gallery of buildings and their building stone, compiled at the University of Georgia.

Art Stor
Image bank, by institutional subscription, includes portfolio capability.

American Landscape and Architectural Design 1850-1920
This site offers approximately 2,800 lantern slides representing the period 1850-1920 in American buildings and landscapes from the collection of the Frances Loeb Library, Graduate School of Design, Harvard University, and the Library of Congress. Especially well represented is Frederick Law Olmsted's Boston's Emerald Necklace. The subject index of images ranges from 'giant sequoia' to 'trellises' to 'window seats'; the state index of images moves beyond Massachusetts to encompass town plans in Alabama and Wyoming's Yellowstone National Park.

Architecture Visual Resources Library
h ttp:// From the University of Berkeley an online public access digital collection of images in the history of architecture, urbanism, design, and art. Includes landscapes and garden plans. It can be searched by time period, designer, location or title.

Internet Directory for Botany
Frequently updated, this searchable, alphabetical directory for botany is an excellent source for research and teaching. A search for "New York" for example offers 25 sites ranging from the 'Archives and Manuscripts, New York Botanical Garden, USA' to 'Historic Fruit Images: The Small Fruits of New York' (with access to the USDA Pomological Watercolor Collection with more than 7,700 drawings), to 'Planting Fields Arboretum in Oyster Bay, New York (USA)' (a former estate landscaped by the Olmsted brothers).

Botanical Society of America Online Image Collection:
Stunning images of landscapes and plants are available to teachers and students on this site (some plant parts have been shot through a scanning electron microscope). See 'Carnivorous Plants'; or look at different 'Plant Geographies' such as Saquaro & Cholla (AZ) or Nebraska sandhills (NE); or learn about 'Economic Botany,' see cranberry bogs and fields of sunflowers.


The primary mission of Catena, to provide images for teaching landscape studies, is admirable. In its present form, this searchable digital archives, sponsored by the Bard Graduate Center through a grant from the NEH, is most useful to scholars and students of the Italian villa. Among the nine 'Featured Sites' are Hadrian's Villa and the Villa d'Este, and Catena offers not only images but a bibliography and historical documentation, and for some landscapes an interactive plan. The 'Glossary' is a particularly useful feature of the website.

Landscape Architecture Image Resource
From the University of Maryland a database of landscape images that can be searched by era, geographic region, project criteria and more.

Publishing Resources
Note: This is a short list of reference and how-to books that I've compiled for authors who are working on a first manuscript, or on a book the author hopes will "break out"--i.e., cross over to a reading audience beyond the academy. I would especially encourage those working on a promising subject of broader-than-usual interest to work toward producing the second type of book. These are the projects that publisher of most any kind seek: works that raise the profile of a discipline within the larger world and, in the best case, make a valuable contribution to public discourse.

If anyone can recommend another book in this line that he or she has found helpful, I'd be very glad to hear about it and will add it to my running list.

Boyd Zenner, Acquiring Editor
University of Virginia Press

Association of American University Presses Directory published annually by AAUP; currently $19.00 paperback
It's probably not necessary to buy this directory--your library almost certainly has a copy--but it is a very useful resource to consult when you're beginning to consider potential publishers for your manuscript. The directory lists names, titles, and contact information for current personnel at all member presses, and also lists the disciplines in which each press publishes. Additionally, there is a grid in the front of the book that cross-indexes presses with disciplines, so that you can quickly find which academic presses publish in your field.

Booth, Wayne C., Gregory G. Colomb, Joseph M. Williams The Craft of Research, 2nd ed. University of Chicago Press 2003; $15.00 paperback This practical and accessible guide by three eminent critics focuses on how to build an first-rate academic book, and on author-press relations.

Chicago Manual of Style, 15th ed. University of Chicago Press 2003; $55.00 cloth (but generally available used on and elsewhere) The bible of academic manuscript preparation: comprehensive and authoritative. The 15th edition--the most recent--contains a great deal of new and updated information on electronic publishing and copyright issues.

Germano, William Getting It Published: A Guide for Scholars and Anyone Else Serious about Serious Books. University of Chicago Press 2001; $15.00 paperback Reassuring and detailed advice from the editorial director of Routledge. Particularly good information for neophytes on the nuts-and-bolts of academic publishing: e.g., what editors look for in a book proposal, how to interpret and survive the review process, and how to decode a contract.

Luey, Beth (ed.) Revising Your Dissertation: Advice from Leading Editors. University of California Press 2004; $16.95 paperback Full of helpful, practical advice from revered professionals on turning a dissertation into a real book. Topics addressed include style and voice, restructuring, trimming, finding and successfully addressing a new audience, and many others.

Rabiner, Susan, and Alfred Fortunato Thinking Like Your Editor: How to Write Great Serious Nonfiction--and Get it Published. Norton 2002; $26.95 cloth. An excellent book by an agent and an editor whose focus is on helping authors produce serious books whose appeal and influence will extend beyond the academy. Particularly good on how to structure a central argument. The book helpfully includes a sample proposal and sample chapter.